Updated: Feb 15, 2020
In literal terms, a façade simply means the front or the face of a building or a structure. In architecture, it is an extremely significant aspect of a building’s design as the façade sets the tone for the entire structure. It is also accorded a lot of importance in architecture and design plans because of its influence on the energy efficiency of the building. Let’s go over some of the other factors that highlight the important role of façades in architecture.
Adds Character and Personality
This is one of the most significant roles that facades play. The façade of a building emphasizes the need to bring aesthetics and design into play when constructing or planning the building. Almost all buildings will meet the structural regulations, but most will neglect to infuse character or personality that can give the building an identity of its own. A façade can add that uniqueness to the structure.
Protects Against Natural Elements
An important role of facades in architecture is to shield the occupants from natural external elements such as rain, wind, humidity, and extreme temperatures. The ability of the façades to withstand external stress from temperature, corrosion, and other forms of weathering over a number of decades makes it very important for modern construction projects.
Plays a Critical Role in Energy Efficiency
Besides adding an aesthetic appeal and providing protection from the weather, facades also play an essential role in linking the exterior of the building to the interior. This means that it has a big hand in the energy efficiency of the building.
It does so by reducing the amount of heat that can travel from the external environment to the internal environment. As a result, the cooling loads of the building are reduced, causing a reduction in the energy bills.
A façade essentially works as an external skin for the structure. As an external skin, the protection that it provides to the structure ensures natural ventilation through it. A façade makes sure that the harsh climatic conditions outside, such as snow, rain, and wind, do not have an impact on the occupant’s comfort.
Provides Acoustic Insulation
A façade that is well designed offers a great degree of acoustic insulation by blocking all the noise pollution without compromising on the ventilation, views, and aesthetic appearance of the structure.
Offers Comfort and Enhance Productivity
In modern architecture, a façade will facilitate functions such as light penetration, air movement, and temperature control with features such as automated windows, etc. This enhances the inside environment of the building, making it more comfortable. As a result, the occupants of the building are more productive.
Adds Years to the Structure
Modern Facades are made using advanced manufacturing processes and sophisticated technology. All this thought into the design and quality of the façade allows the building to withstand external pressures from the weather, sun, pollution, etc., for a lot longer, thereby enhancing the life of the structure.
All in all, façades play a pivotal role in modern architecture and will continue to do the same in future architectural trends.